BUKHARA MARKHOR (CAPRA FALCONERI HEPTNERI) INCLUDING UZBEK MARKHOR
Bukhara markhor occur in southeastern Tajikistan on the eastern slopes of Hazratishoh and Southern Darwaz mountain ranges in the Dashti-Jum Reserve and in neighboring private markhor conservancies in Khatlon Province. There is anecdotal evidence of markhor in Khozratisho Range (parallel to the Darwaz Range) and in the Vakhsh Range. These populations extend into the Afghan regions of Shahr-e Buzurg and Darwaz. An isolated Bukhara markhor population straddles the border between Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan, on the eastern and western slopes respectively of the Kugitang Range. The markhor population in the Babatagh and Baisuntau seems to be extirpated.
The horns are rather straight, narrow and with a massive, heavy spiral; occasionally there is some flare. They show the form of a very open corkscrew pattern with only a few twists and have very prominent keels. The twist is not as tight as that of the Suleiman markhor. Very often the tips of the horns appear somewhat broomed, especially in older specimens.
In Tajikistan «TAJIKISTAN HUNTERS ASSOCIATION» and several village communities have been very active in markhor conservation and are recognized by the Tajik State Agency for Forestry and Hunting. The conservancies introduced of strictly controlled Bukhara markhor trophy hunts in 2014 to provide the necessary means for markhor and urial conservation as well as the socio-economic community development. In late 2013, the Tajik government authorized the first six Bukhara markhor permits and this was repeated in 2014. All hunts were successful and excellent trophies have been harvested. Horn length was often exceeding 108.0 cm (42 4/8 in.). During the 12th Conference of Parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity in Pyeongchang, Korea, the Tajik village communities deservedly received the 4th CIC Markhor Conservation Award of the International Council for Game and Wildlife Conservation.
Trophies collected in the Kugitang Range in Uzbekistan (6) and Turkmenistan (4) show a mean horn length of 81.9 cm (32 2/8 in.); and a mean circumference of 25.1 cm (9 7/8 in.). The largest head had horns 108.0 cm (42 4/8 in.) long with a base circumference of 25.1 cm (9 7/8 in.).